Most animals deliver their young without any complication. There are times when mothers require assistance and medical therapy is usually attempted to resolve the problem first. When medical therapy fails to assist the mother with delivery, a caesarian section is performed. During a caesarian section, the mother is given an anesthetic. An incision is made along her abdomen and through the uterus to retrieve unborn puppies or kittens. In some situations, it is recommended the mother be spayed at the same time as the c-section is performed. This is usually recommended to prevent future problems of this nature.